16 Jan 2017

Biographies Of Political Icons To Watch Out For In Shaping Nigeria

A list of the real power weilders in the 2017 Nigerian political arena was published earlier on by dailytrust.com.ng. 

However below is the biographies of some  political big weights which Nigerians are urged to watch out for.

 President Muhammadu Buhari

Muhammadu Buhari is a native of Daura, a Fulani town situate in 
Katsina State of Nigeria. He was born on December 17, 1942.

Buhari joined the army in the year 1962 and became the governor of the North-Eastern State during the regime of Murtala Mohammed. Later, he was appointed Minister or Federal Commissioner for Petroleum and Natural Resources during the military regime of General Olusegun Obasanjo in 1976. When the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation was created in 1977 Muhammadu Buhari was made the head.

On December 31, 1983, the government of the civilian President Shehu Shagari was removed in a coup d’etat,  Major-General Buhari was selected by the high ranking military officials to lead the country. The then Federal government, led by General Muhammadu Buhari and Tunde Idiagbon  introduced a public campaign against indiscipline known as "War Against Indiscipline" (WAI). This initiative was highly commended by Nigerians because it brought sanity to the system.

Muhammadu Buhari is admired by many for his uprightness and stand against corruption. His government was able to keep the country economically buoyant not withstanding its rejection of IMF loan and refusal to adopt IMF directives which include devaluation of the Naira. Muhammadu Buhari’s government reduced inflation by refusing to devalue the nation's currency.

However, the regime was also criticized for moves to silence critics of the administration, as decrees were passed curbing press freedom and allowing for opponents to be detained up to three months without formal charges. The regime also banned industrial actions such as strikes and lockouts by civil servants.

Later in time, Muhammadu Buhari was appointed as the Chairman of the Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF), a body funded from the revenue that accrued from the increase in price of petroleum products, to use for developmental projects around the country.

Buhari contested the Presidential election as the candidate of the All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP) in 2003 and lost. Gen. Buhari, In the 2007 April Presidential polls, again contested. His main contender then was Umaru Musa Yar'Adua of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), who is also from the same state - Katsina and he lost.

In March 2010, Buhari left the ANPP for the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), a party that he had helped to found. He said that he had supported foundation of the CPC "as a solution to the debilitating, ethical and ideological conflicts in his former party the ANPP".

Gen. Buhari was the CPC Presidential candidate in the April 16, 2011 general election, running against incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan of the People's Democratic Party (PDP), Mallam Nuhu Ribadu of Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), and Ibrahim Shekarau of ANPP. Again he lost. In the year 2015, Muhammadu Buhari not deterred by his previous failures, contested for the Presidential election under the platform of the All Progressive Congress (APC) and after a very tight race with the incumbent, His Excellency, Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, Muhammadu Buhari emerged the winner and was declared the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

This was made possible because the Nigerian masses wanted change and they voted for change as Buhari had promised in his campaign that his regime would have a zero tolerance for corruption and he also promised to tackle youth unemployment, security and general infrastructure like electricity.

In 1971, Buhari married his first wife, Safinatu Buhari (nee Yusuf) (First lady of Nigeria December 1983-August 1985). They had five children together, four girls and one boy. Their first daughter, Zulaihat (Zulai) is named after Buhari’s mother. Their other children are Fatima, Musa (deceased), Hadiza, and Safinatu.
In 1988, Buhari divorced his first wife Safinatu. In December 1989, he married his second and current wife Aisha Buhari (nee Halilu). They also have five children together, a boy and four girls. They are Aisha, Halima, Yusuf, Zarah and Amina.

On 14 January 2006, Safinatu Buhari, the former first lady, died from complications of diabetes and She was buried at Unguwar Rimi cemetery in accordance with Islamic rites.

In November 2012, Buhari's first daughter, Zulaihat Junaid (nee Buhari) died from sickle cell anaemia, two days after having a baby at a hospital in Kaduna.

Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan
Goodluck Ebele Azikiwe Jonathan is a former president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. He was born on November 20, 1957 in Finglas, Ogbia Local Government of Area of Bayelsa State, Nigeria to Pa. Ebele Jonathan, a Canoe maker.

His earliest education were at St. Stephen's Primary School, and St. Michael's Primary School, both in Otuoke, Bayelsa State. After his primary school, he proceeded to The Mater Dei High School, Imiringi, Delta State, where he had his secondary education. He eventually got admission into the University of Portharcourt where he studied Zoology and graduated with Second Class Upper Division. He furthered his studies at University of Portharcourt and earned himself a Masters Degree (M.Sc.) in Hydrology and Fisheries Biology and later, a Doctorate Degree in Zoology.

At various stages of his life, Jonathan served Nigeria in various capacities; he worked with the Customs and Excise Department as a Preventive Officer, as a teacher in a secondary school, as an Inspector of Science Education and thereafter as a lecturer in the University.

Apart from civil service, Goodluck Jonathan also served as a public officer in various capacities such as Assistant Director (Ecology) of the defunct Oil Mineral Producing Area Development Commission (OMPADEC) in charge of Environmental Protection, Deputy Governor of Bayelsa State from May 29, 1999 until December 12, 2005, Governor of Bayelsa State, Vice President and President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria until 2015.

Goodluck Jonathan is happily married to Dame Patience Jonathan and they have two children, Aruabai Jonathan (female) and Ado Aruera Jonathan (male).

Johnathan has received several awards including: Best Performing Deputy Governor in 2002 by IPAN;'Democracy and Good Governance award by the Nigeria Union of Journalists in 2004.
'Niger Delta Development Award';'Distinguished Personality' Award in 2006', Africa Leadership Award, 2006; 'Best Performing Governor in Education in the South-South' in 2006, 'Ambassador for Peace Merit Award' as well;Leadership and Good Governance MeritAward.

It is worthy to note that former President Goodluck Jonathan is the first Incubent President to have lost election and handed over peacefully to his opponent. This feat of his has attracted several awards both internationally and locally. 

Senator Bola Ahmed Tinubu

Bola Tinubu was born on March 29, 1952. He is an indigene of Lagos State. He was a former Governor of Lagos State.

Bola Tinubu had his primary education at St. John's Primary School, Aroloya, Lagos and Children's Home School in Ibadan before traveling to the United States in the year 1975, where he had his secondary education at Richard J. Daley College Chicago, Illinois. Later he gained admission into the Chicago State University where he graduated in the year 1979 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting.

After graduation, Bola Tinubu with worked with Arthur Andersen, Deloitte, Haskins, & Sells, and GTE Services Corporation, both in the United States of Nigeria. In the year 1983, he returned to Nigeria, and secured a jib with Mobil Oil Nigeria, where he rose to the position of an executive in the company.

Bola Tinubu joined politics in the year 1992. Then he contested for, and won election as a senator of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, representing the Lagos West constituency. After the annulment of the June 12, 1993 election, Bola Tinubu founded National Democratic Coalition (NADECO) with some other Nigerians, a group that advocated for  the restoration of democracy and recognition of the 12 June results. In the year 1994, Bola Tinubu went into exile and later came back in the year 1998 when Sani Abacha died.

In the year 1999, Bola Tinubu contested for the position of the governor of Lagos State and was elected in the platform of Alliance For Democracy (AD). In April 2003, after the expiration of his first term in office, he was re-elected for a second term.
Bola Tinubu is married to Oluremi Tinubu,  a Senator of central Lagos State and blessed with three children; Oluwaseyi Tinubu, Folashade Tinubu-Ojo, Abibat Tinubu. He is a chieftain of the Asiwaju of Lagos and that of the Jagaban of the Borgu Kingdom in the Northern Niger State of Nigeria.

 Senator Bukola Saraki

Olubukola Abubakar Saraki, popularly Bukola Saraki was born on December 19, 1962 to Olusola Saraki and Florence Morenike Saraki. His father, Olusola Saraki was once a
Senator of the Federal republic of Nigeria and a one time senate leader. He is a senator of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and an Ex-Governor. He is an indigene of Kwara State. He is married to Toyin (née Ojora) Saraki. They are blessed with four children.

He attended King's College, Lagos, from 1973 to 1978, and Cheltenham College, Cheltenham, London from 1979 to 1981 for his High School Certificate. He then proceeded to the London Hospital Medical College of the University of London from 1982 to 1987, when he obtained his M.B.B.S (London).

He worked as a Medical Officer at Rush Green Hospital, Essex, from 1988 to 1989. He was a Director of Societe Generale Bank (Nig) Ltd from 1990 to 2000.

He is a member of the All Progressives Congress (APC); haven previously defected from the People's Democratic Party (PDP).

In 2000, President Olusegun Obasanjo appointed Saraki as Special Assistant to the President on Budget. During his tenure as Special Assistant to President on Budget, Saraki initiated the Fiscal Responsibility Bill.
Saraki also served on the Economic Policy Coordination Committee, where he was responsible for the formulation and implementation of several key economic policies for Nigeria.

In 2003, he ran for the office of the Executive Governor of Kwara State on the platform of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) and won. He was re-elected for a second term in office in the 2007 elections. As Governor of Kwara State, he led reforms in Agriculture, Health, Education, Finance and Environment Policy.
One of his major achievements was partnering with displaced white farmers from Zimbabwe and inviting them to Kwara State and offering them an opportunity to farm. This led to the establishment of Shonga Farms programme, which is now being replicated across Nigeria.

It is worthy to note that His charisma among his fellow Governors got him appointed as Chairman of the Nigeria Governors Forum.

Under Bukola Saraki’s term as a Governor, Kwara became the first state to complete the Nigeria Independent Power Project. In collaboration with the Power Holding Company of Nigeria, Dr Saraki re-energised the Ganmo Power Station at Ilorin, and connected over 375 rural communities to the National Grid, through the development and installation of 725 transformers and 7 substations. Kwara also completed 4 electrification projects that meant power became stabilised for 18–22 hours a day. It then made it possible for 90% of people living in Kwara to have access to electricity.
While in office, Bukola Saraki also left his mark on the health section in Kwara State, he introduced a range of new health programmes, including a statewide campaign in 2008 to reduce maternal and child mortality with regard to Malaria. This included the distribution of insecticide-treated nets and free malaria drugs to pregnant mothers and to children under the age of five.

A statewide programme of hospital development was also implemented, leading to the redevelopment of hospitals in Afon, Patigi and Lafiagi.

Other measures implemented by Bukola Saraki included improved training and re-training for medical staff; refurbishment of hospitals and staff living quarters; and employment of qualified medical doctors and other health workers. Many of the primary care programmes were sponsored by international agencies such as WHO and UNICEF.

Bukola Saraki’s major landmark achievement was in Agriculture. He introduced a range of reforms to agricultural policy to increase the commercial viability of farming, and to increase exports to international markets. The New Nigerian Farmers Initiative was designed to improve the technical capability of farmers and to ensure farmers had a significant financial stake in new investment in agriculture. The scheme utilised the under-used resource of agricultural expertise in the Zimbabwean farming industry, and worked with the Zimbabwe Commercial Farmers’ Union to identify high-skilled farmers able to support the State’s farming industry to move to Kwara and develop the industry. A commercial hub was also developed to build capacity support training of the indigenous farming community.

Dr Saraki led a number of significant and statewide infrastructure developments, including improvements at the Ilorin International Airport Cargo Terminal; extensive road construction; and the development of new sporting facilities such as Kwara Football Academy. The State also has an ongoing aim to become a logistics and cargo hub in Nigeria and the region.

Dr Saraki became Chairman of the Nigeria Governors Forum in 2007. Under Saraki’s Chairmanship, a reformed Forum was established, with a fully resourced secretariat, with a technical and administrative division that was entirely focused on delivery.
Under Dr Saraki’s Chairmanship, a range of new processes, including the State Peer Review Mechanism, were also developed, to ensure that closer working and collaboration could take place between members of the Forum, and best practice shared between states. The Mechanisms allowed a range of best practice case studies to be shared between states in a number of different policy fields, including in relation to power project; primary healthcare centres that were being built in villages and other rural locations; extensive roadworks that were taking place in rural areas; water schemes; solar schemes and the construction of specialist hospitals and state universities. Projects such as these had previously remained undisclosed until the Mechanism was established.

One of the most widely recognised achievements of the Nigeria Governors’ Forum was its intervention over the problematic assumption of power by then Vice-President Goodluck Jonathan, following the illness and subsequent death of President Umaru Musa Yar'Adua. On 23 November 2009, President Yar’Adua left Nigeria and travelled to Saudi Arabia, where he was installed in the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre in Jeddah for the treatment of what was reported to be acute pericarditis. He was not seen in public again and his absence created a dangerous power vacuum in Nigeria. The problem was that, for the Vice-President to succeed the President, the constitution demanded that the latter wrote a letter to the National Assembly making clear the appointment of the former. But as President Yar’Adua was constantly in and out of intensive care, this letter was never written and the succession therefore came into question.

The NGF, led by Dr Saraki, and working with the National Assembly, devised the Doctrine of Necessity, which was then passed as a resolution by the National Assembly. The Doctrine of Necessity allowed the Vice President to take over and become the acting President until such a time that the President returned.

Under Dr Saraki’s chairmanship a number of Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) have been signed, including but not limited to the World Bank, DFID, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, GAVI, UNICEF, UNDP.

After his two-term tenure as Governor of Kwara State, in the 2011 elections, Bukola Saraki ran for the office of Senator of the Federal Republic of Nigeria representing the Kwara Central Senatorial District and won, succeeding his sister, Gbemisola Saraki-Forowa. He was appointed as the Chairman, Senate Committee on Environment and Ecology and is also a member of the Senate committee on capital Markets and Finance. He also pushed a motion in the Senate to end the fuel subsidy regime in Nigeria which has been an excessive waste of the country’s national resources.

As a member of the Senate, Senator Saraki has campaigned extensively on health, food security, education and the environment. He was appointed as the Chairman, Senate Committee on Environment and Ecology and is also a member of the Senate Committees on Capital Markets and Finance. He also pushed a motion in the Senate to end the fuel subsidy regime in Nigeria, which has been an excessive waste of the country’s national resources. His work on the oil industry, has also led him to focus on arguing to strengthen laws relating to the clean up of oil spills. His National Oil Spill and Detection and Response Agency Amendment Bill seeks to ensure oil companies pay appropriate levels of compensation to communities affected by oil spills.

Dr. Saraki has also intervened in the Lead Poisoning crisis in Zamfara State in 2010, and has supported to the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, which ensures safe and healthy methods of cooking for millions of Nigerians while conserving the environment through reduced deforestation. He has been a lead campaigner in the areas of desertification and climate change in the Senate and across Nigeria. Saraki sponsored a motion on the floor of the Senate to end Nigeria’s fuel subsidy regime. Other motions and private member bills he has sponsored include the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency Amendment Bill 2012, which was aimed at putting a halt to oil spills in the Niger Delta, the Gas Flaring Prohibition Bill 2012 and the Climate Change Commission Bill 2013.

In 2015, Bukola Saraki again contested for the Senatorial seat in Kwara Central Senatorial District and won. After his re-election in the 2015 general elections, Saraki was on 9 June 2015 elected unopposed as President of the Senate by an across the party alliance comprising PDP and APC Senators.  His deputy, Senator Ike Ekweremadu, emerged after a tightly contested election.

Controversies later emerged within the APC due to his occupation of the prestigious Senate President title. There was a divide within the party as to who their candidate for the Senate Presidency should be. As a result, he was not accepted by the APC party leadership. This has led to a heated internal unrest in the party. There have also been continued propaganda attacks against Dr. Saraki as well as the Code of Conduct bureau accusing him of false declaration of assets.

Senator Bukola Saraki and a delegation of Senators visited Maiduguri, Borno State on 3 August 2015 to get an on-ground assessment of the damage done in the north-eastern part of Nigeria by terrorist group Boko Haram and to give hope to internally displaced persons. The delegation was the first of its kind by the leadership of the Senate since the insurgency began.

Dr Saraki has also spoken and campaigned internationally on issues such as better governance, deforestation and economic development.

Bukola Saraki has received several awards and honours. He was the first serving Nigerian Governor to be awarded the National Honor of Commander of the Order of the Niger (CON) in 2010. He also received the award of ‘Governor of the Year’ by This Day Newspapers in 2004; ‘Best Governor of the Year in Agricultural Development in 2004/05’ by City People, KSNG; Leadership Award in appreciation of commitments and outstanding leadership qualities in 2005; Harvard Business School Africa Club Award in 2005; Kenneth Kaunda Foundation Best Governor in Africa in 2006; Osun State Broadcast Corporation Man of the Year in 2006; ‘African Governor of the Year in Agricultural Development’ by African Union Media Group in Pretoria, South Africa; Nigeria Referee Association Grand Patron 2007; This Day Newspaper Best Governor on Food Security 2008; ‘The Friend of Nigerian Youth; Doctor of Science and Public Administration Award’ by University of Port Harcourt for his Administration’s focus on Agriculture; Life Fellowship of All Nigeria Confederation of Principals of Secondary Schools, (ANCOPSS) 2009; Outstanding Governor on Energy 2009 by the Nigerian Compass; Emerging Tiger of Nigeria (Leadership Award by This Day Newspaper) 2010; Institute of Chartered Accountants Award of Excellence 2010; Nigerian Bar Association Award of Excellence; Award of Excellence in Development of Education and Health care delivery in Nigeria by the College of Medicine, University of Lagos 2012.
Speaker Yakubu Dogara
Yakubu Dogara

Yakubu Dogara an indigene of Bauchi State of Nigeria was born to Yakubu Ganawuri and Saratu Yakubu on 26 December 1967.

Yakubu started his earliest education in the year 1976 at Gwarangah Primary School, Bauchi. After he concluded his primary education in the year 1982, he was admitted into Teachers Training College, Bauchi. Therein, he obtained Teachers Grade II Certificate in 1987. Thereafter, he proceeded to the University of Jos, Plateau State, where he studied and obtained a Bachelor of Law (LLB Hons.) degree in 1992.
The same year he graduated from the university, Yakubu Dogara proceeded to the Nigerian Law School and concluded 1993. He was immediately called to the bar. Being someone who has flair for education, Yakubu approached Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland where he obtained a Masters (LLM) in International Commercial Law. Further search for knowledge made Dogara to take up a course on Managing and Leading Strategic Change in 2006, On Negotiation at the Oxford University in 2013, and a course on Leadership in Crisis at the Harvard Kennedy School in 2014.

Yakubu Dogara started his career as a teacher in April 1988, when he was employed at the ATBU Staff School in Bauchi. After his National Youth Service Program which he did at, Akwa Ibom state in 1994, he embarked on a private legal practice.

Yakubu was eventually appointed Special Assistant to the Minister of State for Transport, a position he occupied until 2006, when he joined politics fully and contested election into the Federal House of Representative, to represent Bogoro/Dass/Tafawa-Balewa Federal Constituency, a contest he eventually won.

Dogara has been a member of the Federal House of Representatives since 2007, until 9th of June, 2015, when he was elected the Speaker of the Federal House Of Representative, a position that was highly contested.

Chief Olusegun Obasanjo

Olusegun Obasanjo
Olusegun Obasanjo

Olusegun Ọbasanjọ was born on March 5, 1938 in Ogun State, but he was raised up in Owu Abeokuta. Olusegun Obasanjo joined the Nigerian Army in the year 1958 when he was 21 years old. He was trained at the Aldershot and Defence Service Staff College, Wellington. He also trained at the Indian Army School of Engineering.

Olusegun Obasanjo served in Kaduna and Ibadan. During the Nigerian Civil War, he commanded the 3 Marine Commando Division that overcame Owerri, which action brought the civil
war to an end.

On July 29, 1975, after the successful military coup that brought Murtala Mohammed into power, Olusegun Obasanjo was made the deputy to Murtala Mohammed’s new government. After the attempted coup that led to the assassination of Murtala Mohammed, Olusegun Obasanjo became the military head of state. In 1979, Olusegu Obasanjo handed over power to the civilian government after the conduct of a successful election. This particular incident made Olusegun Obasanjo the first Military Head of state to transfer power peacefully to a civilian regime in Nigeria.

In the year 1999, Olusegun Obasanjo contested for presidency and won the election. Thereafter, he became the civilian president of Nigeria. In the year 2003, Olusegun Obasanjo was re-elected for a second term in office.

During Obasanjo’s regime, Nigeria’s GDP growth rate doubled to 6 percent until he left office. Nigeria’s foreign reserves also sky-rocketed from $2 billion in 1999 to $43 billion in 2007 when he left office.

Sanusi Lamido Sanusi-Emir Of Kano

Sanusi Lamido Sanusi
Emir Muhammadu Sanusi II was born as Sanusi Lamido Sanusi (Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi) into the Fulani Torobe (Sullubawa) clan of Kano on the July 31, 1961. He is the grandson of Sir Muhammadu Sunusi, the 11th Emir of Kano, from the Sullubawa clan of the Torobe Fulani. He is the direct son of Muhammad Lamido Sanusi, a career diplomat and technocrat that served as the Nigerian Ambassador to Belgium, China and Canada, who later served as the Permanent Secretary of Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Sanusi had his primary education at the St. Anne’s Catholic Primary School, Kakuri, Kaduna between the years 1967-1972, where he obtained his First School Leaving Certificate. Lamido Sanusi had his secondary education at King's College Lagos, where he graduated in 1977. He got admission into Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) Zaria, where he obtained a Bachelors degree in Economics in 1981. He furthered his studies and obtained a Masters degree in Economics at Ahmadu Bello University in 1983, and became an instructor there from 1983 until 1985. Sanusi also studied in the International University of Africa, Khartoum, Sudan, where he obtained a degree in Islamic Law. Sanusi was posted to Gongola State (now Adamawa and Taraba States) where he did his National Youth Service Corpse (NYSC) mandatory service.

In 1985 Sanusi got employed by the Icon Limited (Merchant Bankers), a subsidiary of Morgan Guaranty Trust Bank of New York United States, and Baring Brothers of London. He later joined the United Bank for Africa in 1997, working at the bank’s Credit and Risk Management Division, he rose to the position of a General Manager. In September 2005, he became one of the Board members of First Bank of Nigeria as an Executive Director in charge of Risk and Management Control. Later he was appointed Group Managing Director (CEO) in January 2009. Almost at the same period, Sanusi was also the Chairman, Kakawa Discount House, where he sat on the Board of FBN Bank (UK) Limited.

Sanusi was the first person from the northern Nigeria to be appointed CEO in the history of First Bank in Nigeria. 

On June 1, 2009, during the regime of President Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, Sanusi was nominated as Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria and his appointment was confirmed by the Nigerian Senate on June 3, 2009 at the height of the a global financial crisis.

On June 8, 2014, Sanusi was selected to succeed his great uncle Ado Bayero as the Emir of Kano. Many people had expected Ado Bayero's son to succeed him as Emir, this led the supporters of Bayero's son to angrily protest Sanusi's appointment. On june 9, 2014, he was formally crowned as Emir Muhammadu Sunusi II, making him the 14th Emir of Kano and the leader of the Tijaniyya Sufi order, a position that is historically the second most important Muslim position in Nigeria after the Sultan of Sokoto who is the leader of the Qadiriyya sufi order. Sanusi Lamido Sanusi is married to Hajia Sadiya, the daughter of his uncle and the late Emir Ado Bayero (Sanusi’s predecessor) and Hajia Maryam and they have a total of eight children.

Alhaji Atiku Abubakar
Atiku Abubakar
Atiku Abubakar
Atiku Abubakar was born on November 25, 1946 to a Fulani trader and farmer Garba Abubakar, and his second wife, Aisha Kande, in Jada village of Adamawa State. Atiku Abubakar became the only child of his parents when his only sister died at infancy. Atiku’s father and mother divorced before his father died in 1957 and his mother remarried. Eventually, his mother died in 1984 of heart attack.

Atiku Abubakar could not start school when he ought to because his father was opposed to him obtaining western education. When his not going to school was noticed, his father was arrested and jailed until he paid a fine. Consequently, Atiku Abubakar got registered into Jada Primary School at the age of eight. After his primary school, Atiku was admitted into Adamawa Provincial Secondary School Yola in the year 1960. He later finished his Secondary school in 1965 after he made Grade Three in West African School Certificate Examination. Atiku Abubakar then proceeded to Nigerian Police College, Kaduna. He left the college for a work as Tax Officer in the Regional Ministry of Finance. Later he got admission to study at the School of Hygiene Kano in 1966. In 1967, he graduated with a Diploma. That same year, Atiku Abubakar was admitted for a Law Diploma at Ahmadu Bello University on a scholarship. He graduated in 1969 and got employed in the Nigerian Custom Service that same year.

Atiku secretly married his first wife Titilayo Albert, in December 1971, in Lagos, because her family was initially opposed to the union.Titilayo begot four children for him, Fatima, Adamu, Halima and Aminu.
In January 1979 he married Ladi Yakubu as his second wife in order to expand the Abubakar family having been the only surviving child of his parents, and they had six children: Abba, Atiku, Zainab, Ummi-Hauwa, Maryam and Rukayatu. In 1983 he married his third wife, Princess Rukaiyatu, daughter of the late Lamido of Adamawa and she gave birth to Aisha, Hadiza, Aliyu, Asmau, Mustafa, Laila and Abdulsalam. In 1986, he married his fourth wife, Fatima Shettima and she gave birth to Amina (Meena), Mohammed and two sets of twins Ahmed and Shehu, Zainab and Aisha, and Hafsat. Atiku Abubakar eventually divorced Ladi, this made room for him to marry, Jennifer Iwenjora who later changed her name to Jamila Atiku-Abubakar, and she gave birth to Abdulmalik, Zara and his youngest child, Faisal.

Having been employed at the Custom Service, Atiku proceeded for further studies to both Police College and Custom Training School. After the studies,  Atiku Abubakar was posted Idi-Iroko, a border town between Nigeria and Benin Republic. His assignments was to be in charge of the Lagos Airport, Apapa Ports, Ibadan Customs Command between 1974 and 1979. Later he moved to North and served in the Kano Command in 1976, then to Maiduguri ( as Area Comptroller) in  1977, from there to Kaduna in 1980 and back to the Apapa Ports in 1982. In 1987 Atiku was promoted to the post of a Deputy Director in charge of Enforcement and Drugs. In April 1989, aged 43, Atiku voluntarily retired from Customs.

At different times, Atiku engaged in different businesses, including real estate, agriculture, trading, buying and selling. Atiku's business also includes a beverage manufacturing plant in Yola, as well as an animal feed factory.

At the end of his Custom service, Atiku Abubakar met Shehu Musa Yar'Adua, who had been second-in-command of the military government that ruled Nigeria between 1976 and 1979. He then started attending political meetings with Shehu Musa Yar’Adua every now and then. In 1989 Atiku became the National Vice-Chairman of the Peoples Front of Nigeria, as such, he participated in the transition program initiated by Head of State Ibrahim Babangida. Atiku Abubakar was later elected to represent his constituency at the 1989 Constituent Assembly. Atiku won the primary election to contest for the gubernatorial election under the platform of Social Democratic Party in 1991but was disqualified by government from contesting the elections. In 1992, Atiku was to contest in a presidential election, but stepped down for MKO Abiola

In 1998 Atiku won election as the Governor of Adamawa State, but before his swearing-in, He was called by the PDP’s presidential candidate, Olusegun Obasanjo to be his running-mate. Obasanjo and Atiku eventually won the election on February 27, 1999, and Atiku became the vice president of Nigeria on May 29, 1999.

Senator Ali Modu-Sheriff

Ali Modu Sheriff, Nigerian Politician was born in 1956 at Ngala Town, Ngala Local Government Area, of  Borno State. He is an indigene of Borno State, an ex-Governor of Borno State and Senator of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. His father Galadima Modu Sheriff was a business mongul.

 He attended Government Secondary School, Bama from 1974 to 1979 and thereafter attended the London School of Business, where he studied Insurance, Banking and Finance.

In 1981, he joined his father's construction company as a Director, later becoming Managing Director.

It is worthy to note that in 1985, he founded his first companies Meroil Organisation and Union Chase.

Ali Modu Sheriff was Borno State's first governor to serve two consecutive terms from 2003 to 2011.Though Sheriff had held two elected offices as a member of All Nigeria People's Party, he would later join the All Progressives Congress becoming a founding member of that party.

Ali Modu Sheriff was elected Senator representing Borno Central on the platform of the United Nigeria Congress Party (UNCP) during General Sani Abacha's military regime. After democracy was restored, in April 1999 he was re-elected Senator, Borno Central on the platform of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP).

In 2003, he ran for Governor of Borno State on the ANPP platform and won. He was re-elected in 2007 and sworn in on 29 May 2007.

In 2014, Sheriff defected to the People's Democratic Party. On 16 February 2016, he became the chairman of PDP National Working Committee (acting), serving until his removal from office at the 2016 National Convention. He was replaced by Ahmed Makarfi as Caretaker Chairman.

Senator Ahmed Makarfi 
Ahmed Mohamed Makarfi
Ahmed Mohammed Makarfi born on August 8, 1956 is a Nigerian politician. He was a former governor of Kaduna State of Nigeria from May 29, 1999 to May 29, 2007, and was later elected a
Senator for Kaduna North in April 2007. He is a native of Makarfi, Makarfi Local Government Area of Kaduna State.

When Ahmed concluded his primary school which he did from 1965 to 1973, he moved on to attend Federal Government College, Enugu from 1973 to 1978. In 1979, he gained admission into the School of Basic Studies, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria where he obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting.

After he graduated from the university, Ahmed became part-time Lecturer in the Department of Accounting from 1987 to 1993. At the same period, Ahmed enrolled for a postgraduate studies, and received a Master of Science degree in Accounting and Finance.

Makarfi later got a job at the Nigeria Universal Bank. There, he rose to become an Assistant General Manager.  He later was appointed the Kaduna State Commissioner of Finance and Economic Planning. He was also a member of the Board of Trustees at the Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution and a Director of Finance and Administration of the Institute.

Makarfi was elected the governor of Kaduna State in 1999 and was re-elected on a second four-year term in 2003. In April 2007 he became a Senator representing Kaduna North Senatorial District.

Mr. Peter Obi

Peter Obi is a native of Agulu in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State. He had his Secondary Education at Christ the King College, Onitsha and bagged a degree in Philosophy in 1984 at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Peter Obi is a business man to the core, he has held several managerial positions in different firms and companies. Chief amongst these companies are Next International Nigeria Limited,Guardian Express Bank Plc, Future View Securities etc. and he was notably the youngest Chairman of Fidelity Bank Plc.

Peter Obi is happily married to Margaret Brownson Usen and their union is blessed with two children, Gabriella Nwamaka Frances Obi and Gregory Peter Oseloka Obi.
Peter Obi with a noble intention of making his State, Anambra one of the best in the country entered into politics in 2003 under the All Progressive Grand Alliance(APGA) and vied for the position of Governor. He ran the race with Chris Ngige of the People’s Democratic Party(PDP). Chris Ngige was however declared winner of the election and Peter Obi had recourse to the court.
After three years of litigation, Ngige’s election as Governor was overturned by the Court of Apeal on March 15, 2006 and Peter Obi was sworn in as Governor on March 17, 2006. However on November 2, 2006, he was impeached and his deputy, Virginia Etiaba took over as the Governor thus becoming the first female Governor in Nigeria.
Peter Obi was further reinstated by the Court of Appeal on February 9, 2007 and he again took over the reins of power.
It is worthy to note that Peter Obi’s political journey is one that is propelled by his belief in the rule of law and justice according to the law.

In 2007, there was a general election in the country which brought in Andy Uba of the People’s Democratic Party as Governor. Peter Obi again went to court and after a heated legal battle, the highest Court of Nigeria, the Supreme Court upheld the contention of Peter Obi that the election he won in 2003 only started to run when he took over in March 2006 after the legal battle with Chris Ngige. This landmark decision of the Supreme Court thereby set the precedence of making Anambra State the First State in the country to run a different political calendar.

Peter Obi was returned to office and the April 14, 2007 election which brought in Andy Uba was nullified on the ground that Peter Obi’s Four-Year Tenure was still running till March 2010.
Peter Obi won a second tenure in office as Governor in the Anambra State Gubernatorial election of 2010 thereby defeating the former Central Bank of Nigeria(CBN) Governor Prof. Charles Chukwuma Soludo of the People’s Democratic Party.(PDP).

Peter Obi till date is seen as a hero in Anambra State as his period as the Governor of Anambra State brought out the State as really being the light of the nation. There was tremendous growth in general basic infrastructure and a growth in all the sectors of the economy.         

Peter Obi, a former Governor of Anambra State popularly and fondly hailed as ‘Okwute’ meaning Rock was born on July 19, 1961.

Dr. Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso
Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso
Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso
Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso, a native of Kwankwaso town of Madobi Local government Area of Kano State, was born on October 21, 1956.

Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso  attended Wudil of Craft School. Thereafter, he gained admission into
Kaduna Polytechnic. He further studied at Middlesex Polytechnic and Loughborough University of Technology in the United Kingdom where he obtained Masters Degree in Water Engineering.
Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso had his work experience at the Kano State Water Resources and Engineering Construction Agency (WRECA).

In the year 1992 Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso contested for, and won election into the House of Representatives to represent Madobi Federal Constituency. At the House of representative, he was elected the Deputy Speaker in 1992.

In the year 1999, Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso contested and won election as the governor of Kano Sate. After the expiration of his term of office, he contested again for a second term, but could not win. However, he was appointed Minister of Defence during the regime of President Olusegun Obasanjo.

In the year 2011, Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso was elected again as the governor of Kano State.

He however became a Senator representing Kano Central Senatorial District under the platform of the All Progressive Congress(APC) in the 2015 Senatorial elections.

Ngozi Okonji Iweala

Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, a two time minister of Finance of the Federal Republic of Nigeria was born on June 13, 1954 to Professor Chukwuka Okonjo, the Obi (King) of the Umu Obahai Royal Family  of Ogwashi-Uku, Delta State Nigeria, and is married to Ikemba Iweala a native of Umuahia, Abia State Nigeria and have four Children.

Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala had her early education at the International School Ibadan, after which she got admission into Harvard University and graduated in the year 1977. Later she proceeded to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where she obtained her PhD in Regional Economics Development in 1981. Owing to her excellent performance, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala received an International Fellowship studies from American Association of University Women (AAUW).

Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala worked as the vice-president and corporate secretary of the World Bank Group. She left her job with the world bank to answer the clarion call it in 2003, when she was appointed the Minister of Finance of the Federal Republic of Nigeria on 15 July 2011 by the the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala have also worked as the Managing Director of World Bank (October 2007 - July 2011) and has also held the position of a Finance Minister and Foreign Minister of Nigeria, between 2003 and 2006. She is notable for being the first woman to hold either of those positions. She served as finance minister from July 2003 until her appointment as foreign minister in June 2006, and as foreign minister until her resignation in August 2006.

In October 2005, Ngozi Okonjo Iweala and her team initiated and struck a deal with the Paris Club, a group of bilateral creditors, to pay-up some of the Nigeria's external debt in the sum of US $12 billion as consideration for the pay-up, Nigeria got a debt write-off in the sum of $18 billion. Before this deal, Nigeria spent around US $1 billion yearly on debt servicing, yet none of the amount is reckoned towards the principal debt owed.

Ngozi Okojo Iweala also later served as the Minister of Finance again under the regime of former president Goodluck Johnathan. After her tenure came to an end in the year 2015 with the regime of Goodluck Johnathan, Kemi Adeosun was appointed the Minister of Finance by the new regime of Muhammadu Buhari.

On Thuresday July 29, 2016, the former Nigerian Minister of
Finance, Dr. NgoziOkonjo Iweala and her husband, Mr., Ikemba Iweala celebrated their 37thwedding anniversary.

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